A-immah Plural of Aalim / Leaders.
Aalim A learned man.
Aameen/Ameen O Allah, Please accept our invocation.
Aamul Huzn Year of sorrow.
Abd A male slave, a slave of Allah.
Abu/Aboo (Abee, Abaa) Father of; used as a means of identification
Adhaan/Adhan The call to Salah (Prayer) pronounced loudly
Adl Justice and Equity. A fundamental value governing all social behavior and forming the basis of all social dealings and legal framework. Its antonym is Zulm or injustice or inequity. In personal life it is often treated by Muslim moralists to be a minimum requirement of becoming a faithful Muslim, the desirable being, being the degree of ihsan, generosity. Thus giving anyone his due is adl but giving him more than his due, voluntarily, is IHSAN.
Afdal The Best
Ahadeeth/Ahadith (see Hadith/Hadeeth)
Ahkams Laws, values and ordinances.
Azhab Meaning the Troops or the Confederates. The thirty-third Surah of the Qur’an and the name of the third important battle fought by the Prophet Mohammed PBUH.
Ahlul Bayt Family of the Prophet's household.
Ahlur Rushd Discerning people.
Ajrul Mithl A remuneration based on what is customary in the community
Akhirah Hereafter. Life after death. It includes the Day of Judgment and the neverending life after death.
Akhras Mute Person
Al-Ameen/Amin The trustworthy
‘Alaq Something that clings. Also translated as clot of blood or leech. Name of the ninety-sixth surah of the Qur’an.
Alayhi salaam “May Allah protect and preserve him” It is said after the name of the Prophet of Allah or after the name of an angel.
Al Firaq The separation
Al Khula See “Kula”
Alim A knowledgeable person or a religious scholar in Islam.
Ali Imran The third surah of the Qur’an meaning the family of Imran.
Allah The Creator and Sustainer of all. The supreme being. "The Uncaused Cause of all that exists; the Eternal."
Allahul Musta’an Allah’s help is sought
Allahu Akbar Allah is the Greatest
Al-Ma'danu War Rikaaz Minerals and buried treasures.
Al Mu'awwidhatayn The last two surahs of the Qur'an, i.e. Surah al-Falaq and Surah an-Nas.
Al-Mut-ah The gift given to a wife.
Al Qullays The church which Abrahah built in San'a, intending to divert Arabs from the Ka'bah in Makkah to it.
Al Risalah The message which is sent by messenger.
Al Sarah The releasing/liberating of the marital bond.
Al Talaq Bil Kitabati Ilal Gha-ib The talaq in written form to one who is not present.
Al Talaqu Bil Isharah The divorce by indication.
Amaanah Something given to someone for safekeeping. Trust.
A’mal Actions or deeds.
Amanah (also known as Amanat) Meaning trust (2:283, 4:58, 8:27)
‘Ankabut Twenty-nineth surah of the Qur’an meaning the Spider.
Ansaar/Ansar “Helpers”; the Muslims of Madinah who supported the Muslims who migrated from Makkah.
Ameen/Amin/Aameen Said after the recitation of al-Fatihah, the first sura of the Qur’an that is a dua asking Allah to accept our prayer.
An’anah A narrator’s reporting by saying ‘from so and so’ not describing exactly in what form it was transmitted to him. This will only affect the authenticity of the narration if the one doing it is a mudallis.
Aqabah The place near Makkah where Madinan Muslims made a covenant with Prophet Mohammed PBUH.
Aqd A contract.
Aqd Saheeh A legal contract
Aqeemah A woman who cannot have children.
Aqeeqah The hair which is shaven off from the head of a new born baby when a sacrificial animal is offered.
Ar-Riqaab The slaves.
Araadib A specified measure i.e. 4 Araadib and 2 kilos = 61.36 kg.
Arafat The plain 25km south-east of Mecca where all pilgrims gather on the 9th day of Hajj. (2:198)
Arkanul Islam The five pillars of Islam
Asadullah Lion of Allah, One of the titles of Khalifah Ali (ra)
Ashura’ Tenth day of the first Islamic month Muharram. Acknowledged as the day that Moses saved his people from Pharoah by Sunni. Day of mouringing for the Shia.
as-Sihah The authentic books of Hadith.
Asr Late afternoon prayer.
Ath-har More distinct/more manliest (authentic).
Athar Traditions of the Holy Prophet's companions
Awaaq (Of silver) 200 Dirhams.
Awrah/Owrah Certain parts of the body necessary to be covered at all times.
Aws Tribe of Madina
Awsaq/Awsuq (sing Wasq) 5 awsuq are equivalent to 653 kg. the nisab for zakah on agricultural produce.
Ayah (pl. Ayaat) A sign of Allah; a verse of the Qur’an.
Ayt Al-Maal The concept of the Bayt-al-Maal implies that the money paid into the treasury are in Allah's trust and become the common property of the Muslims and that the head of the state merely holds the position of a trustee whose duty it is to expand the funds of the Bayt-al-Maal on the common concern of all its people. Thus the Bayt-al-Maal is responsible for collecting the revenues of the state and expanding them for the welfare of the people.
Ayyam at-Tashriq The three days (11th, 12th, 13th) of the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar.
Ayyam-e-Jahilliyah Period of ignorance.
Az-Zuru-U-Wath Thimaar Vegetables and fruit
A-immah Plural of Aalim / Leaders.
Bab (Door) Subject.
Badr The place 128 km south-west of Madinah where the Muslims fought their first battle against the infidels of Makkah (3:13, 8:41)
al-Baihaqi Refers to a collection of ahadith by Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Husain al-Baihaqi.
Bairu-Haa The name of a garden in Madinah.
Baitul Maqdis Sacred house situated in Jerusalem. i.e. Masjidul Aqsa.
Baitullah The hous of Allah in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Baligh One who is mature (Compelled by law).
Banu/Bani means ‘children of’ or ‘tribe of’
Banu/Bani Haashim The children of Hashim.
Basmalah see (Tasmiyah)
Batil Null and void.
Bay Sale - also used as a prefix in referring to different types of sale -- Mu'ajjal, Muraabahah, Tawliyah, Wadi'ah
Bay mu'aijal Sale against deferred payment, either in a lump sum or instalments.
Bay muqayada Exchange of goods for goods with certain conditions
Bay salam An exceptional contract of sale causing an immediate payment of the price and admitting a delay in the delivery of the goods generally the crop produce. As a rule, the Holy Prophet is reported to have forbidden the sale of what is not in one's actual possession. Bay Salam is an exception to the above rule. It is declared as valid, subject to the condition that the quality and the nature of the article of sale and the time and place of delivery and the price are clearly defined at the time of making the contract of such a sale.
Bay't-ar-Ridwan The Pledge of the Pleasure. The Pledge which took place at al-Hudaybiyyah and upon which Allah the Almighty revealed a special verse of the Qur'an to express His Pleasure with those believers who gave their allegiance to the Prophet.
Bayhaqiy The name of a leader in the science of Hadeeth.
Baytul-Maal The Muslim public treasury.
Baytullah The Holy Ka'ba - The House of Allah.
Bid’ah Innovation; anything introduced into the Religion, in order to seek Allah’s pleasure, not having a specific proof or basis in the Religion.
Bint-Laboon A two year old colt.
Bint-Makhaad A yearling camels colt.
Birr Meaning ‘righteousness’, The Qur’anic term refers to all good actions and efforts done to gain Allah’s favour and blessings.
BismikAllahumma In your name, o Allah!
al-Bukhari Refers to Sahih al-Bukhari, the most authentic collection of ahadith of Imam al-Bukhari
Buraaq Conveyance of Muhammad (S.A.W.) during Mi'raaj.
Da’eef weak; unauthentic (narration)
Dafeenul Jahiliy-yah Buried treasure during the days of paganism.
Dakhn Any of several cereal plants bearing a large crop of minute nutritious seeds.
Darud/Dahrood Reciting as-Salah ‘alam Nabiyy during Salah or at any other time. This is a Persian word.
Darul-harb An area or vicinity at war with Muslims. A state under non-Muslim sovereignty.
Da’wah Literally call. This refers to the concept and practical implementation of inviting and calling a person or persons to abide by and accept Islam in its pure and unadulterated form.
Dayn Anything outstanding on anybody. Debt.
Deen/Din Way of life prescribed by Allah i.e. Islam
Deen/Din ul-Fitra The natural way of life or the religion of nature.
Dhikr/Zhikr Supplicating, remembering and praising Allah.
Dhimmiy/Thimmiy The name of a non-Muslim living under Muslim sovereignty and paying Jizyah (taxes).
Dhul-Hijjah The month of Hajj. Twelfth month of the Islamic calendar.
Dhul-Qadah The eleventh month of the Islamic calendar.
Dhur/ Zuhr The afternoon prayer.
Dirhams Coins (Eastern).
Diyah Blood money to be paid.
Diyanatan By way of religion.
Dua Supplication to Allah. Invocation.
Dunya This World/Earth.
Eejab The pronouncement which the wally/wali gives over to the opposing party. Form of speech.
Eela Abandonment (for his swearing).
Eemaan (Iman/Imaan) faith; to affirm all that was revealed to the Messenger (may Allah protect and preserve him), affirming with the heart, testifying with the tongue and acting with the limbs. The actions of the limbs are from the completeness of Eemaan. Faith increases with obedience to Allah and decreases with disobedience.
Eid Day of Festival
Eid Al Adha Annual festival of sacrifice between 10-13 of the Islamic month of Dhul Hijjah.
Eid Al Fitr Annual festival on the 1st of Shawwal after a month of fasting in Ramadan.
Fajr Morning prayer, which is offered after dawn and before sunrise. Dawn.
Faqih Person who has sound knowledge of fiqh.
Faraq Another word that is used as a substitute for talaq which means separation.
Fard (pi. Faraaidh) Obligatory. Compulsory.
Fardu Ayn A compulsion on every Muslim male and female
Fardu Kifayah A collective obligation or duty of the Muslims. When some of the Muslims in an area do this, the obligation sis discharged. If no one does it, everyone in the area would be considered sinful – e.g. salatul janazah.
al Farooq/Faruq Title of Khalifah Umar meaning ‘the distinguisher between the right and wrong’.
Fasakh When a marriage contract is annulled from the side of wife.
Fasid Wrong (null and void).
Fataawa see Fatwa.
Fatwa (pl. Fataawa) religious verdict.
Fee Sabeelil Laah/ Fisabillilah In the way of Allah.
Fijar: Sacrilegious war. This battle took place among the Arabs before Islam. It was given this name because it violated the sacredness of the Haram and the sacred months. These months were regarded as sacred and respected among the Arabs even before Islam.
Fiqh Jurisprudence, the understanding and application of the Shariah from its sources.
Fiqhuz Zakah Islamic laws regarding zakah.
Fir’awn Translation of the name for Pharoah, and ancient ruler in Egypt.
Firdaus The middle and the highest part of the Jannah.
Firqatu Fashkin Dissolution by annulment.
Firqatu Talaqin Dissolution by divorce.
Fitnah (pl. fitan) This linguistically refers to calamities, trials, tribulations and mischief.